First-Time Travelers Guide to Cuba

Basic Cuba Info

Let’s get through quickly with the basic Country Info

  • Official Name: Republic of Cuba.
  • Official Language: Spanish.
  • Currency: National currency is the Cuban Peso but there is also a hard currency: the Cuban Convertible Peso (CUC). Read more about Cuban Money here
  • Electricity: 110 volts, 60 cycles. Most Hotels are also 220 volts.
  • Political Status: Socialist Republic.
  • Population: Over 11 million inhabitants and 75.2 % live in urban areas. Most densely populated provinces are the City of Havana (2.2 millions), Santiago de Cuba (1 million) and Holguín (1 million).

  • Most important cities/towns: Havana, Matanzas, Santiago de Cuba, Holguín, Camagüey, Viñales in Pinar del Río, The Keys in Ciego de Avila, Trinidad in Sancti Spiritus, Cienfuegos, Isla de la Juventud, Santa Clara, Morón and Baracoa.
  • Time: Eastern Standard Time, 5 hours behind GMT. There is Daylight Saving Time.
  • Capital: Havana
  • Climate: pleasant subtropical climate all year round. The average temperature is 25, 5ºC and 80% humidity.
  • Technology and Internet: Wifi hotspots are now available thru Etecsa phone company. Check out the main article here


  • Bring Euros, CAD, Pounds instead of USD
  • For a cultural experience, don’t miss Havana, Trinidad and Santiago de Cuba. If you love Nature, you will enjoy Viñales, If you want to relax, Varadero and the Cayos are a must.
  • Bring a 220 volts adapter
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